Occupational therapy is a client-centered health profession concerned with promoting health and well being through occupation. The primary goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to participate in the activities of everyday life to achieve independence, meaning and satisfaction. Occupational therapists achieve this outcome by providing the client with skills for the job of living - those necessary to function in the community or in the client's chosen environment or by modifying the occupation or the environment to better support their occupational engagement.
Areas/ Places of practice for Occupational Therapists
Occupational therapy is practiced in a wide range of public, private and community sector settings. Clients are actively involved in the occupational therapy process and the outcomes are client-driven and measured in terms of participation, satisfaction derived from occupational participation and / or improvement in occupational performance. E.g.
- Home / work environment assessment and adaptation
- Geriatric homes
- Rehabilitation centres e.g. vocational rehabilitation centres
- Juvenile homes
- Correctional facilities.
- Driver assessment and rehabilitation centres etc.
- Ergonomic Consultancy firms
Conditions requiring Occupational Therapy
- Pediatrics e.g. Autism spectrum disorder, Down syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, Spina Bifida, Club Foot, Delayed Developmental Milestones, rickets, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder, Attention Deficit Disorder, Learning Disorders, Dyslexia, Hydrocephalus, Microcephalus, Erb’s palsy, Sensory intergration disorders, Sensory processing disorders, speech and language disorders,Suckin/Swallowing disorders, Arthrogyroposis, Congenital malformation and deformities. E.t.c
- Physical dysfunction e.g. Hand injuries, Stroke, Post Burns Complications, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Spinal Cord injuries, Amytrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Multiple Sclerosis, Gullain Barre’s Syndrome, Diabetes, Fractures, Tendon Injuries, Cumulative Traumatic Disorders, Congenital Deformities, Vesico - Vaginal Fistula (VVF), Acquired Brachial plexus injury, Shoulder hand syndrome, neurological disorders, Cardiac rehabilitation e.t.c
- Psychosocial disorders e.g. Schizophrenia, Drug dependence, Mood disorders, anxiety disorders, Dementia, Mental retardation. E.t.c
Who is an Occupational Therapist?
Occupational therapists have a broad knowledge in the medical, social, behavioral, psychological, psychosocial and occupational sciences which equips them with the attitudes, skills and knowledge to work collaboratively with people, individually or in groups or communities. Occupational therapists can work with all people, including those who have an impairment of body structure or function owing to a health condition, or who are restricted in their participation or who are socially excluded owing to their membership of social or cultural minority groups.